2015 Stand-Down: Getting Started
Unsure of how to make the National Safety Stand-Down work on your site?
Here is a simple and cost-free plan to get you started!
The National Fall Prevention Safety Stand-Down is a voluntary event for employers to talk directly to employees about fall hazards, protective methods, and the company’s safety policies, goals and expectations. This day-by-day plan for the Stand-Down provides activities that can be tailored to your jobsite. Each suggestion listed, along with others you will find on stopconstructionfalls.com, can be used any day of the week. While not all employers can commit to an activity all 10 days, everyone can do something to have an impact on safety!
If you participate in the Stand-Down in any way, tell us about it! Answer some questions about your activities on OSHA’s website after the Stand-Down and you’ll receive a Certificate of Participation signed by by Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez. Or just send us an email at email@example.com to share your store. If you include pictures with permission to use them, we may post them on this website. For a print formatted version of this plan, click here.
Here are some Stand-Down activities:
Day 1: Monday, May 4
Give a Toolbox Talk! Toolbox Talks are short and easy on-site trainings that only last approximately 5-15 minutes each. They can be given at the beginning of the shift. Workers attending the talk should be encouraged to ask questions and discuss the topic. This increases the likelihood they will remember the information. Below are some ready-to-use Toolbox Talks from CPWR. Toolbox Talks on a second topic can also be substituted for another activity later in the week.
Possible Toolbox Talks:
- Focus Four Toolbox Talks: Falls from Ladders
- Falls from Scaffolds
- Focus Four Toolbox Talks: Falls from Scaffolding
- Falls from Rooftops
- Falls Through Holes and Openings
- Focus Four Toolbox Talks: Falls through Skylights and Holes
- Falls: General Protection and Awareness
- Falls from Moving Machinery
- Aerial Lifts
- Equipment: Getting On and Off
Day 2: Tuesday, May 5
Share real life stories! Use examples of contractors who are doing fall protection right, or alternately, of workers who have been injured or killed in a fall to drive the message home.
- A construction framer talks about protecting his crew from falls (4 mins) -Mike Pelky is a residential rough framer working in Arizona. His company designed and instituted a fall safety program. Mike was there from the start. In this video he shares how they did it and why he thinks fall protection is a good idea.
- Preventing Falls Through Skylights– English; Spanish (Español) “Everybody seems to think that we’re invincible. At least I used to think that.” So begins a digital story about Joe, a 45-year old roofing supervisor in California who died tragically after he fell through a warehouse roof skylight while on the job. He fell 30 feet onto a floor, and died from his injuries. OHB’s California Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (CA/FACE) program produced a five-minute digital story with two of Joe’s co-workers highlighting the events that led up to his death and what could have been done to prevent it.
- A Simple Task – Fatal Ladder Fall – This 2 minute video using photos and animation recreates the real-life series of events that led to the death of a 33-year-old construction worker from a ladder fall — and how it could have been prevented. Download Video (right click & save)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and State Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Reports and Products –
Investigations conducted through the FACE program allow the identification of factors that contribute to these fatal injuries. This information is used to develop comprehensive recommendations for preventing similar deaths. Below is a list of fall-related FACE reports.
- Construction Laborer Dies After Falling Through Temporary Bridge “Catch” Platform, 75 Feed To Ground – New Jersey
- Falls From Scaffolds can be Prevented – Michigan
- A Day Laborer Dies When He Falls from a Scaffold
- A House Painter Dies When He Falls Through a Roof Opening – California
- A Roofing Supervisor Dies When He Falls Through a Skylight – California
- Municipal Lead Custodian Dies in Fall from Mobile Scaffolding – Massachusetts
- Carpenter Feel from the Roof of a Single Family Home Under Construction – Massachusetts
- A Day Laborer Dies When He Falls Off a Scaffold – California
- A Plumber Dies When He Falls from the Second Floor of a Building after Stepping on Unsupported Plywood Formwork – California
- Laborer Dies When He Falls 35 Feet From a Scaffold After Being Electrocuted – California
- Roofer Dies After Falling from Ladder or Roof – Washington
- Carpenter Died from Extension Ladder Fall – Michigan
- Painter Falls from Stepladder – Washington
- Laborer Falls Through Roof Opening – Washington; Fatality Narrative as slideshow
- Construction Laborers Fell From Ladder – Iowa
- Steel Worker Falls from High Bridge and Dies – Kentucky
- Carpet Installer Dies After Falling 30 Feet at a Commercial Job Site – Washington– Youtube Video about Carpet Installer Incident
- Master Stonemason Dies in a 30-foot Fall From a Handmade Work Platform Attached to a Powered Industrial Truck – New York
Success Stories from the 2014 Stand-Down – Share examples of organizations, worker safety groups, construction companies, and other stakeholders that engaged in last year’s stand-down and produced results.
Day 3: Wednesday, May 6
Review your fall prevention program. OSHA recommends asking the following questions:
- What types of falls could happen? Based on the work being done, and the types of subcontractors on site, what are the possible fall hazards?Consider conducting a job hazard analysis with workers as a group for more specific tasks. According to OSHA, a job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level. For more information, visit http://www.safetyworksmaine.com/safe_workplace/safety_management/hazard_analysis.html
- What needs improvement? Is your program meeting its goals? Are you experiencing injuries or near misses? Are employees aware of the company’s fall protection procedures?
- What training have you provided to your workers? Does it need revision?
- What equipment have you provided to your workers? Is better equipment available?
Day 4: Thursday, May 7
Conduct a Fall Protection Demonstration. Have a contractor representative, supervisor, on-site safety professional, or guest expert demonstrate how to properly fit, wear, and use fall protection. The following resources provide tips:
- Fall Protection Harnesses Hazard Alert – a one page illustrated document on how to wear harnesses properly.
- Personal Fall Arrest Systems Brochure – a handout with illustrations for residential workers on how to use a personal fall arrest system properly (MA Dept. of Public Health).
- 7 Steps to Ladder Safety – a one page graphic illustration on how to use a ladder safely
Unsure of which fall protection is best suited for your job and workers? The online tool Fall Protection Resource for New Home Construction describes over 150 fall prevention devices. Search by the type of fall protection device needed (anchor for personal fall arrest system, scaffold, guardrail, etc.), or by the phase of construction fall protection is needed for (floor joist installation, truss setting, roof sheathing, etc.). At least one close up picture of each fall prevention device is shown, the device purpose and installation are described, cost and manufacturer are provided, and links to the device manual, vendors, and video are provided when available.
Day 5: Friday, May 8
Use the NIOSH Ladder Safety phone app with your crew! The app features a graphic-oriented guide for ladder selection, inspection, positioning, accessorizing, and safe use. The app is also available in Spanish (to view and use, select Spanish as the phone language). Review the app features together as a group and then ask the smaller groups to play with the app or practice using it on site together, giving workers the opportunity to ask questions about its use.
The Ladder Safety App User’s Manual is also available:
Day 6: Monday, May 11
Pass out and review Hazard Alert Cards! Hazard Alerts are short, image-driven materials that deliver simple, direct messages for protection against safety and health hazards faced by construction workers. They are available in two formats: CPWR printed cards folded to “pocket size” of 3 ½” x 5 ½” and one-page PDFs. CPWR printed cards are water-resistant and built to last.
Plan on giving a card or print-out to each worker and then review it together as a group at the beginning of the shift. Like the Toolbox Talks, it is best to encourage workers to ask questions and engage in discussion to increase the likelihood that everyone will remember the information shared.
To order printed cards in advance, email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 301-495-8544 (up to 25 free, subject to availability).
To download one page PDFs, click here:
Day 7: Tuesday, May 12
Inspect your equipment!
The American Ladder Institute provides information and materials on ladder inspections and ladder safety at http://www.americanladderinstitute.org/, as well as online training at http://www.laddersafetytraining.org/.
Stopconstructionfalls.com provides a checklist to make sure that your Personal Fall Arrest Harness is functioning properly.
Learn more about successfully inspecting your equipment by reading about last year’s Mid-Atlantic Construction Safety Council Fall Protection Inspection Stand Down. Construction managers took the lead to improve worker safety in a big way: a month-long stand down to learn how to completely inspect fall protection equipment, then conduct a thorough inspection of all parts of their fall protection system.
Day 8: Wednesday, May 13
Spot the Hazard! – Spot the Hazard is a new product available from the Campaign to Prevent Falls in Construction, to be used as a training activity. It is available in either handout form or via PowerPoint.
- Spot The Hazard – Ladders 1
- Spot The Hazard – Ladders 2
- Spot The Hazard – Ladders 3
- Spot The Hazard – Ladders 4
- Spot The Hazard – Roofs 1
- Spot The Hazard – Roofs 2
- Spot The Hazard – Roofs 3
- Spot The Hazard – Roofs 4
- Spot The Hazard – Scaffolds 1
- Spot The Hazard – Scaffolds 2
- Spot The Hazard – Scaffolds 3
- Spot The Hazard – Scaffolds 4
Day 9: Thursday, May 14
Don’t Fall for It! This CPWR injury prevention campaign combines an 11 minute video with fact sheets in both English and Spanish, providing step-by-step information on choosing, inspecting, setting up, and climbing ladders safely.
- Fact Sheet 1 - Protect Yourself from Fatal or Crippling Falls (en español)
- Fact Sheet 2 – Choosing and Inspecting Ladders (en español)
- Fact Sheet 3 – Setting Up Portable Ladders (en español)
- Fact Sheet 4 – Climbing Ladders Safely (en español)
Don’t Fall For It IMPACT Card – IMPACT cards detail CPWR research projects and the impact they are having on workers’, contractors’, and other stakeholders’ awareness of hazards, and industry’s use of interventions to reduce illness and injuries on construction jobsites. The Don’t Fall For It card shows how personal stories raise awareness of safe ladder procedures.
Day 10: Friday, May 15
Print Certificates of Participation from OSHA! Employers will be able to provide feedback about their Stand-Down and download a Certificate of Participation signed by Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez following the StandDown at https://www.osha.gov/StopFallsStandDown/index.html#certificate.
Hand out hardhat stickers for participation! CPWR has developed stickers to help raise awareness of the Campaign to Prevent Falls in Construction. These stickers can be affixed onto hardhats or equipment on a work site, to spread the word. To order, email email@example.com.